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Baby Back Ribs - Best Ribs In The Universe

Originally posted: 01/06/2000
Last updated: 09/26/2014

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Summary

  • Buy pork loin back ribs weighing 2 pounds or less per slab, if possible.
  • Apply a "good overall dusting" of rub and allow ribs to sit at room temperature for 2 hours.
  • Make sure all charcoal and smoke wood is fully lit before cooking.
  • Cook ribs at 225°F for 3 hours, turn slabs, then increase cooker temp to 250-275°F and cook an additional 1-2 hours until done.
  • Remove ribs from cooker and apply KC Masterpiece/honey mixture to both sides of slab before serving.
  • Try to follow the BRITU cooking process as closely as possible for authentic results.
Rolled ribs in the WSM
Rolled ribs in the WSM
 
Best Ribs in the Universe ready to be eaten
Best Ribs in the Universe ready to be eaten
 

Ribs are one of the most popular meats cooked on the Weber Bullet, and for good reason. They're easy to prepare, they don't take as long to cook as larger cuts of meat, and the taste—just out of this world!

There are many tasty ways to cook pork loin back ribs, but one of my favorites is the recipe used by Mike Scrutchfield to win the "Best Ribs in the Universe" title at the 1996 American Royal Invitational. This recipe is also referred to as "BRITU".

I first learned about BRITU when the recipe was printed in the California BBQ Association newsletter in April, 1997. The recipe was originally published on the Web by Ray Basso on The BBQ Forum in May, 1999.

Mike Scrutchfield has graciously granted permission to The Virtual Weber Bullet to reprint the recipe here for your enjoyment. You'll find his original recipe text at the end of this article.

When using the BRITU recipe, it's important to remember that it consists of a rub recipe and a cooking procedure. They go hand-in-hand, and you can't separate the two and still say that you're cooking BRITU ribs. For best results, try to adhere to the cooking procedure as closely as possible.

Some people complain that BRITU ribs taste too salty. One cause is applying too much rub. The recipe says, "Do not over season. A good overall dusting of the spices is all that's needed." The key word is "dusting", so go lighter on the rub than you normally would. Also, you must sauce the ribs as directed after cooking. The sweetness of the sauce balances the saltiness of the rub.

Below are some pictures I took on July 25, 1999 and April 26, 2003 when I prepared ribs using this wonderful recipe.

As always...click on any of the pictures to view a larger image.


Select & Prep The Slabs

Three slabs of pork loin back ribs
Photo 1
       

I purchased three untrimmed slabs of pork baby back ribs in Cryovac from my local warehouse store. The weight of each slab was a little over two pounds, the smallest slabs I could find.

I prepped the ribs according to the information you'll find in the Pork Loin Back Rib Preparation article.

Prepare And Apply The Rub

BRITU rub
Photo 2
A good, overall dusting of rub
Photo 3
Ribs after sitting at room temp for two hours
Photo 4
   

Prepare a 1/4 batch of rub according to Mike Scrutchfield's recipe. A full batch will render much more than is needed for three slabs of ribs.

Best Ribs In The Universe Rub - 1/4 Batch
1/4 cup sugar
1/4 cup non-iodized table salt
1/8 cup brown sugar, dried
4 teaspoons chili powder
2 teaspoons ground cumin
1 teaspoon Accent (MSG)
1 teaspoon cayenne pepper
1 teaspoon black pepper, freshly ground
1 teaspoon granulated garlic powder
1 teaspoon onion powder

Spread the brown sugar out on a cookie sheet and let it dry at room temperature for several hours, or place it is a slightly warm oven. Once dried, place brown sugar in a Ziploc bag and break up any clumps using a rolling pin or the bottom of a drinking glass.

The recipe says to apply "a good overall dusting" of rub to the ribs. Photo 3 shows how much rub I apply.

Allow the ribs to sit at room temperature for two hours before cooking. As they do, the salt in the rub draws moisture from the meat, forming a red liquid coating on the surface, as shown in Photo 4.

Select The Smoke Wood

Mike's recipe calls for 4 chunks of white oak and 2 chunks of cherry, each about the size of a tennis ball. My oak chunks were about the right size, but the cherry chunks were too small, so I used 4 small chunks to approximate 2 larger ones.

The recipe also states that the bark should be removed from the wood before use, and that the wood should not be soaked in water.

Some people believe that bark introduces an undesirable flavor to barbecue. Not everyone agrees, of course. Normally, I don't remove bark from smoke wood, but if you want to stay true to the BRITU recipe, remove the bark!

Fire-Up The Cooker

Smoke wood and unlit charcoal over a bed of hot coals
Photo 5
Smoke wood engulfed in flames
Photo 6
     

The recipe calls for 10-15 pounds of charcoal and the smoke wood to be lit using a chimney starter about an hour before cooking. All fuel is supposed to be covered with white/gray ash before cooking begins.

I deviate from the process somewhat on this point, but achieve the same end result. I fire the cooker using the Standard Method, lighting a Weber chimney full of Kingsford charcoal briquettes, dumping them into the charcoal chamber when hot, then adding another full chimney of unlit briquettes and the smoke wood chunks over the lit coals (Photo 5).

Note that a Weber chimney filled to overflowing holds about 6 pounds of Kingsford charcoal, so two Weber chimneys of Kingsford is sufficient for this recipe.

When the smoke wood is engulfed in flames, but not fully consumed (Photo 6), assemble the cooker. Put the water pan in place and fill it with cool tap water. Close all three bottom vents, but set the top vent fully open and leave it that way during the entire cooking process.

Allow the WSM to sit for about an hour before adding the ribs to the cooker. During this time, the cooker temperature will drop, and much of the smoke wood will be consumed, leaving just the right amount of smoke called for in the recipe.

Total elapsed time from lighting the chimney to putting the ribs into the cooker was two hours.

Cooking Process Described

Ribs going into the cooker
Photo 7
Ribs after three hours of cooking
Photo 8
     

Rolling Ribs To Increase CapacityAt 11:00am, the three slabs of ribs went into the cooker (Photo 7). Instead of using rib racks, I rolled the ribs and used wooden skewers to secure them in place.

During the first three hours, adjust the bottom vents to maintain a cooker temperature of 225°F. At the three hour mark, open the cooker for the first time and turn the ribs over, but do not baste them with anything. Photo 8 shows how my ribs looked just before turning.

Replace the lid and open the bottom vents to increase the cooker temperature to 250-275°F. Start checking for doneness at the four hour mark and every 30 minutes thereafter. The ribs will be done when they have a nice, brown color and pass the tear test.

Check the water pan every two hours and replenish with hot tap water, as needed.

Here's how the temperature and vent settings went for the cooking session:

Time Lid Temp Vent 1 % Vent 2 % Vent 3 %
11:00am - 0 0 0
11:15am 233 0 0 0
11:30am 233 0 0 0
11:45am 233 0 0 0
12:00pm 237 0 0 0
12:30pm 250 0 0 0
1:00pm 248 0 0 0
1:30pm 250 0 0 0
2:00pm(t) 249 50 50 50
2:15pm 270 50 50 50
2:30pm 269 50 50 50
3:00pm 280 25 25 25
3:15pm 282 25 25 0
3:30pm 275 25 25 0

(t) turned meat over

Note that the vent percentages represent the way I set the vents at the time indicated.

In the table above, you can see that the WSM ran at 233°F for quite a while, close enough to 225°F in my book. At 12:00pm, the sun came over the top of the house and the cooker was in full sun, resulting in the temperature jumping to 250°F. Again, nothing to panic about. As long as I'm within about 25°F of my target temperature, I'm happy.

At 2:00pm, I opened the bottom vents partially to bump the cooker temperature up closer to 275°F. I turned the ribs and checked the water pan. The pan was still quite full, so I did not add water.

Supper Time!

Ribs after cooking
Photo 9
KC Masterpiece Original sauce and Sourwood honey
Photo 10
Sauced ribs
Photo 11
BRITU ribs in serving dish
Photo 12
 

At 3:30pm, the ribs had a nice brown color, the meat has pulled down on the long bones, and a little tug on the bones showed that they would pull apart easily. Photo 9 shows how the ribs looked after cooking.

Mike's recipe calls for saucing the ribs on both sides before serving with a mixture of 5 parts KC Masterpiece Original Flavor barbecue sauce to 1 part honey (Photo 10). While any variety of honey is acceptable, I like to use sourwood honey, sometimes called "the caviar of honeys". Sourwood honey is difficult to find, unless you live in the Carolinas or Georgia. It can be ordered from several suppliers on the Web. Visit the All About Honey page to learn more about single-flower honeys like sourwood. 

Brush both sides of the ribs generously with the sauce mixture and serve immediately. Photo 11 shows how the ribs looked after saucing. Photo 12 shows the ribs cut into individual bones and arranged in a serving dish.

These ribs had a beautiful mahogany color and a light smoky flavor. The meat was firm, not mushy, and pulled cleanly from the bones.

I hope you enjoy trying this great recipe. It's one of my all-time favorites and I'm sure it will become one of yours, too!


Best Ribs In The Universe - The Original Recipe Text

This recipe and cooking procedure won the prestigious title "Best Ribs in the Universe" at the 1996 American Royal Invitational and the 1993 American Royal Open Bar-B-Que contest as the Overall Grand Champion. They also took "Reserve Grand Champion" at the 1994 American Royal Open.

Meat
Premium Standard Farms Loin Baby Back Ribs, 1-3/4 to 2 lb. size. Membrane on the inner (stomach) side removed. All excess fat trimmed.

Dry Rub
Mix all ingredients thoroughly and store unused in moisture-proof container.

Ingredients List
1 cup sugar
1 cup non-iodized table salt
1/2 cup brown sugar*
5 Tablespoons + 1 teaspoon chili powder
2 Tablespoons + 2 teaspoons ground cumin
4 teaspoons Accent (MSG)
4 teaspoons cayenne pepper
4 teaspoons black pepper, freshly ground

Important
4 teaspoons granulated garlic powder
4 teaspoons onion powder
* Dried out lightly by exposing on cookie sheet room temp, several hours, or in slightly warmed oven.

Sprinkle meat two hours before cooking with rub and allow meat to come to room temperature. Do not over season. A good overall dusting of the spices is all that's needed. The spices will become a nice red, liquid coating after sitting for about an hour, if you used the proper amount.

Basic Cooking Procedure
Smoke ribs in a "water pan" smoker, i.e. Brinkmann or Weber "Smokey Mountain Cooker" (the best!). Start charcoal (10-15 lbs.) and 4 chunks of white oak and 2 chunks of cherry wood (about the size of a tennis ball) at least 1 hour before cooking meat. All fuel should be started in a chimney-style starter, no starter fluid, and all must be gray/white hot. Remove all bark from wood chunks, do not soak.

Very little smoke will be visible. Don't worry about that! You'll get the flavor.

Use straight water in the water pan and keep full during the entire cooking process. Control oven temperature of cooker by regulating the bottom vents only. Never, ever completely close the top vent! If you don't have one, put a thermometer on your cooker. Cook ribs for 3 hours fairly cool at 225°F on rib racks. After 3 hours lift the lid for the first time, flip the slabs end for end, and upside down, and open all the vents on the smoker wide open.

Temperature of the cooker should rise into the 250-275°F range. Peek every half hour to monitor doneness. Ribs will be finished when fairly brown in color and the meat has pulled down the long bones at least 3/4 of an inch (usually another 1 to 2 hours). Remove from cooker and sauce both sides before cutting individual ribs.

I like K.C. Masterpiece sweetened even more (5 parts sauce, 1 part honey), and so do the judges!

This basic cooking procedure is probably the most important of all, and works well with other meats as well. Forget about how much smoke is coming out of the cooker. If you've got the wood you like in there burning cleanly, the flavor will be in the meat. Smoke is nothing more than a smoke screen, and any coming out the top of the cooker is flavor lost!

Ribs to ya! Enjoy.

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