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Brisket - Smoked & Oven Finished

Originally posted: 03/30/1999
Last updated: 02/21/2014

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Summary

  • Select a whole, untrimmed "packer cut" brisket weighing 10-12 pounds.
  • Trim excess fat, leaving a 1/8" - 1/4" fat cap, and apply a favorite rub.
  • Barbecue at 225-250°F to 170°F internal temperature.
  • Wrap in foil and cook in a 300°F cooker or oven to 205°F internal temperature.
  • Let the meat rest for at least 30 minutes before serving, or hold in an empty cooler for 2-4 hours.
  • Separate the flat and point portions, and slice the flat across the grain 1/4" - 3/8" thick.
Rubbed "packer cut" brisket in the Weber Smokey Mountain Cooker
Rubbed "packer cut" brisket in the Weber Smokey Mountain Cooker
Finished beef brisket cross-section, point on top, flat on bottom
Finished beef brisket cross-section, point on top, flat on bottom
 

Mike Scrutchfield, a renowned WSM barbecue champion during the 1990s, described this method of cooking a brisket in a 1996 post on The BBQ Forum. Mike's approach calls for barbecuing a brisket 8-10 hours to an internal temperature of 165-170°F, then wrapping it in foil and finishing it in the cooker or oven at 300°F to an internal temperature of 205°F.

I tried Mike's method for the first time in 1997 and found that it results in an extremely tender brisket and works especially well if you want to speed up the cooking process a bit.

This article was originally published in March 1999, and I've updated it based on a cooking session I did on August 14, 2004.

Remember...click on any of the pictures to view a larger image.


Buy And Prepare The Meat

Whole, untrimmed brisket in Cryovac
Photo 1
USDA Choice shield
Photo 2
Brisket after trimming excess fat
Photo 3
   

Purchase a whole, untrimmed "packer cut" brisket weighing 10-12 pounds. See Brisket Selection & Preparation for information on how to choose the best brisket for barbecuing.

Trim the excess fat from the brisket, leaving a 1/8" - 1/4" thick fat cap to keep the meat moist during cooking.

I bought this 13.12 pound, USDA Choice, whole, untrimmed brisket in Cryovac at a warehouse store that caters to food service professionals. I trimmed off the excess fat just before rubbing the meat and putting it in the cooker, as shown in Photo 3.

If desired, you can trim and rub the meat the night before cooking, wrap tightly in plastic wrap or aluminum foil, and refrigerate overnight.

Apply The Rub

Pat the meat dry with paper towels and apply a generous sprinkling of your favorite barbecue rub to all sides of the meat. Brisket is such a big cut of meat that it's hard to apply too much rub.

Put the rubbed meat back in the refrigerator while you fire up the cooker.

If you don't have a favorite rub, try this all-purpose rub from Louis Charles Henley, pit boss at Ruthie's Pit Bar-B-Q in Navasota, TX. This recipe was published in the Legends of Texas Barbecue Cookbook by Robb Walsh.

To ensure there's enough rub for a big brisket, I modified the original recipe by increasing the amount of each ingredient by 50 percent, and I added some paprika for color.

Modified Louis Charles Henley's All-Purpose Rub
6 Tablespoons Lawry's Seasoning Salt
4-1/2 teaspoons finely ground black pepper
1 Tablespoon granulated garlic powder
1 Tablespoon paprika
1-1/2 teaspoons chili powder
Mix all ingredients thoroughly.

Fire The Cooker

Pecan smoke wood chunks
Photo 4
Smoke wood mixed into unlit charcoal
Photo 5
     

Light the cooker using the Minion Method. Fill the charcoal chamber to the top with unlit Kingsford charcoal briquettes. Bury several chunks of dry smoke wood in the coals and place a few chunks of wood on top. This should be more then enough fuel to fire the cooker for 8-10 hours or more.

For this cook, I used pecan smoke wood. I didn't have any large chunks, so I used lots of smaller pieces equivalent to about four fist-sized pieces.

Light about 20 briquettes using a chimney starter and spread them over the unlit briquettes and smoke wood chunks.

Assemble the cooker and fill the water pan from above immediately with hot tap water. Foil the water pan before use for easy cleanup.

Put the brisket into the cooker directly from the refrigerator—fat-side up—on the top cooking grate.

Set the top vent 100% open and leave it that way throughout the entire cooking session. Start with all three bottom vents 100% open. When the cooker temperature hits 200°F measured at the lid, set the three vents to 25% open. Allow the cooker to come up to 225-250°F, adjusting the bottom vents as necessary to maintain that temperature range.

Smoke The Brisket

Brisket goes into the cooker
Photo 6
Brisket after four hours of cooking
Photo 7
Brisket at 165°F
Photo 8
   

Cook the brisket at 225-250°F to an internal temperature of 165-170°F, then proceed to the oven finishing step.

Turn the meat once after 4 hours of cooking, and baste several times after 4 hours of cooking. I basted three times after turning the meat using Martinelli's Premium Apple Juice applied with a spray bottle.

Replenish the water pan with hot tap water as necessary. I started with a full pan and replenish it just once after four hours of cooking.

As you can see in Photo 6, this brisket barely fit on the top grate. In a case like this, tuck the brisket between the grate handles to keep it from coming into contact with the cooker lid. After several hours of cooking, the brisket will shrink—Photo 7 shows the brisket after four hours of cooking.

Monitor the internal temperature of the meat in the middle of the flat portion using an instant-read thermometer or a probe thermometer. I started checking internal temperature after 8 hours of cooking, and the brisket reached 165°F after about 9-1/2 hours of cooking.

Here's how the cooker temperature and vent settings went:

Time Lid Temp Meat Temp Vent 1 % Vent 2 % Vent 3 %
10:50am - - 100 100 100
11:00am 175 - 100 100 100
11:30am 207 - 100 100 100
11:45am 218 - 25 25 25
12:15pm 215 - 100 25 25
12:45pm 220 - 100 25 25
1:30pm 236 - 100 25 25
2:15pm 240 - 100 25 25
3:00pm (t)(b) 252 - 25 25 25
3:45pm 257 - 25 25 0
4:45pm 242 - 25 25 0
5:00pm (b) 235 - 25 25 0
6:15pm 212 - 100 100 0
7:00pm 220 160 100 100 100
7:15pm (b) 267 - 100 100 100
7:45pm 262 162 100 100 100
8:15pm 252 165 100 100 100

(t) turned meat over and end-for-end
(b) basted meat

Note that the vent percentages represent the way I set the vents at the time indicated.

Finish Cooking In The Oven

Brisket at 205°F
Photo 9
       

After the brisket reaches 165-170°F in the cooker, wrap it tightly in two layers of heavy-duty aluminum foil, insert a probe thermometer into the middle of the flat portion to monitor internal temperature, and cook in the oven at 300°F to an internal temperature of 205°F.

This brisket took 1 hour 40 minutes to reach 205°F.

Hold The Meat For Serving

Brisket held at food-safe temperature in an empty cooler
Photo 10
       

When the meat reaches 205°F, remove from the oven and allow it to rest, still wrapped, for at least 30 minutes before slicing and serving.

Alternatively, place the wrapped brisket in an empty cooler and hold until ready to serve. A 1-2 hour rest will help keep the meat moist, and it will remain safely above 140°F for 2-4 hours. See Holding, Storing & Reheating Barbecued Meats for more details.

This brisket rested for 3 hours before serving.

Is That A Meteorite...Or Awesome BBQ?

Finished brisket before slicing
Photo 11
Interior view of brisket
Photo 12
     

Here's the finished product...it looks kind of burned, but it's not. That dark exterior meat is the "bark", the best part that's full of great smoky flavor!

Photo 12 shows a cross-section of the brisket, with the point portion on top and the flat portion on the bottom. This brisket turned out nice and juicy, and with a decent smoke ring.

Separate the flat and point portions along the natural seam of fat and slice the flat across the grain 1/4" - 3/8" thick. The fatty point can be sliced as-is, or chopped and mixed with a thin barbecue sauce for sandwiches.

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